18.104.22.168 PROPER PASSAGE PLANNING FROM BERTH TO BERTH
The Master should ensure that the voyage is properly planned from berth to
Passage planning should take into account
clear arrangements as to which person in the wheelhouse is responsible
for which navigational control equipment
pre-set courses with sufficient and safe shore clearance – only
safe transit lanes should be used for passages
vessel’s routing and traffic separation schemes
anchorages and pilotage areas
areas of high traffic density
shore traffic control reporting points
latest navigation warnings and chart/list of lights corrections
any regulations applicable to the waters to be navigated, e.g. United
States Under Keel Clearance Regulations
prevailing tides, currents, weather and sea conditions to be expected,
with anticipated movements of the vessel, such as parametric rolling –
please see section 22.214.171.124 Ship’s behaviour on passage – parametric
rolling – and effective counter measures
appropriate speed and calculation of squad effects in shallow passages
sufficient water depths
oil, gas and water supply pipes
ballast water management for the entire voyage taking into account any national
requirements in respect of ballast water management, control and exchange, please
also see sections 2.15.3 Ballast water exchange at sea and 126.96.36.199.F Pollution
by ballast water.
The Master should not be afraid to change or abort the passage plan depending
on the circumstances! However, a record should be kept of the reasons for
the change as well as the details of the replacement passage plan put in place.
The passage plan for arrivals or departures should also focus on critical
stages of navigation such as large course alterations or narrow bends, which
may require exact rudder manoeuvres. Wind and current conditions need to be
taken into consideration to avoid too early or too late “wheel over”
orders – please see section 2.13.4 Navigation in confined waters –
Bridge Resource Management.
Depending on the circumstances and the area, the Master should consider including
back up plans and aborting positions, i.e. the last point at which manoeuvres
can be safely aborted.
Passage planning is also relevant to the personnel in the engine room, particularly
as they will need to know when the vessel may need engine power for full manoeuvring.