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For further details please refer to Gard News 173, Improper lashing and securing of cargo.

If dunnage is used, the Master should ensure that only dry clean wood, free from odour, is used to avoid damaging the cargo. Some dunnage provided to the vessel may need to be treated prior to being used due to health and sanitary provisions in some countries. In certain countries the Master is advised to make enquiries before accepting any dunnage. If the dunnage delivered raises any doubts as to its suitability, the Master may consider asking for a certificate from the charterers as to the quality and moisture content of the dunnage.

If bagged cargo is to be loaded and dunnage is used, it may be advisable to use kraft paper, although kraft paper alone is often not sufficient; please refer to Gard News 174, The carriage of bagged rice from the Far East to West Africa.

If the cargo needs to be lashed or separated, suitable and sufficient lashing and separation material should be provided unless the charterparty provides that this is the obligation of the charterer. The Master should ensure that
  • the cargo is loaded, stowed and lashed in such a manner that it can be carried without being damaged and without causing damage to other cargo – please see comment in section Damaged cargo
  • the lashing is in accordance with the vessel’s Cargo Securing Manual as approved by the flag State administration.

    Failure to carry out any of the above precautions may result in cargo damage, which could give rise to a claim being presented by the cargo interests against the Company and the P&I insurer.