Updated 15 June 2018
The Libyan oil ports of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf were closed on 14 June 2018 due to clashes between rival armed groups. Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) has reportedly declared force majeure on loadings from both terminals.
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According to information received from Gard’s local correspondents in Libya, the port situation in Libya as at 15 June 2018 is reported to be as follows:
According to the correspondent, all working ports are currently considered safe for ships and crew. The situation is, however, subject to change and Members and clients are advised to warn their ships’ crews of the volatility of the situation and to carry out an assessment of the risks involved prior to entering or transiting Libyan waters. Of particular concern is also the ongoing oil smuggling activities off the Western Libya coast and the potential consequences for tankers trading to this region, see our alert “Libya - risk of crew being arrested” of 8 May 2018.
Members and clients are advised to instruct their ships to continue to exercise caution when entering Libyan ports and waters, particularly when navigating in the coastal waters near Derna and Sirte. At the time of writing, NAVAERA III warning 225/2016 remains in force and recommends that all ships in or near the militarised area south of 34°00’N should also report their position to the nearest Coastal Station in order to receive a safe track-line.
In summary, ships operating in or near Libyan waters must:
The above recommendations are in addition to the usual sanctions checks, given that a number of Libyan individuals and entities are subject to international sanctions. Please refer to the “Sanctions” section on Gard’s website for relevant information and advice.
We are grateful to Gargoum Maritime Services and Inspections and Shtewi Legal & Pandi Services for their assistance in the preparation of this update.
The US International Port Security Program
In accordance with the latest Port Security Advisory (3-17) of 20 December 2017, the US Coast Guard (USCG) has determined that ports in Libya are not maintaining effective anti-terrorism measures. Ships are also advised to “proceed with extreme caution when approaching all Libyan oil terminals, particularly in eastern Libya, due to potential violent and criminal activity based upon recent attempts by armed, non-state actors to engage in illicit export of oil.” The advisory also reminds the shipping industry that UN Security Council Resolution 2146 authorizes the UN Sanctions Committee to impose certain measures on vessels attempting to illicitly export crude oil from Libya and that this resolution imposes several restrictions regarding loading, transporting, or discharging crude oil from Libya which may include the possible denial of port entry.
Under the US Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA), the USCG is required to assess the effectiveness of antiterrorism measures implemented in foreign ports from which US documented vessels and foreign vessels depart on a voyage to the US and other foreign ports believed to pose a security risk to international maritime commerce. As ports with ineffective antiterrorism measures are identified, this information is published in the Federal Register and the USCG will impose conditions of entry on vessels arriving in the US that visited such ports as one of their last five ports of call. Under the conditions of entry, affected vessels must:
Any affected vessel that does not meet the stipulated conditions may be denied entry into the United States.
The complete list of ports considered to have ineffective antiterrorism measures along with the associated conditions of entry are included in the policy notices available on the US Coast Guard website: International Port Security Programs.